Polysomnogram. Doctors evaluate your child’s condition during an overnight sleep study. This test uses sensors applied to the body to record brain wave activity, breathing patterns, snoring, oxygen levels, heart rate and muscle activity while your child sleeps.
How can I tell if my baby has sleep apnea?
If your infant has sleep apnea they may:
- Have prolonged pauses in breathing that last 20 seconds or longer.
- Have patterns of repeated pauses in breathing that last less than 20 seconds.
- Have related problems such as low oxygen or a slow heartbeat.
- Have needed resuscitation or other urgent care.
Do babies grow out of sleep apnea?
The treatment depends on the severity and type of sleep apnea (CSA or OSA). For OSA, some infants will need surgery, but most will outgrow it as they get bigger and their upper airway gets larger. Others may need to be treated with oxygen to provide breathing support until they can outgrow it.
What do I do if my baby has sleep apnea?
Treatment might include:
- Medications. Topical nasal steroids, such as fluticasone (Dymista) and budesonide (Rhinocort, Pulmicort Flexhaler, others), might ease sleep apnea symptoms for some children with mild obstructive sleep apnea. …
- Removal of the tonsils and adenoids. …
- Positive airway pressure therapy. …
- Oral appliances.
What are the warning signs of sleep apnea?
Signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea include:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness.
- Loud snoring.
- Observed episodes of stopped breathing during sleep.
- Abrupt awakenings accompanied by gasping or choking.
- Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat.
- Morning headache.
- Difficulty concentrating during the day.
Is infant sleep apnea hereditary?
In rare cases, central infant sleep apnea may be hereditary. And like adult obstructive sleep apnea, underlying risk factors for obstructive infant sleep apnea, such as a small airway, may be tied to genetics.
How common is pediatric sleep apnea?
Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is common in children. From 3 percent to 12 percent of children snore, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects 1 percent to 10 percent of children. The majority of these children have mild symptoms, and many outgrow the condition.
Can a 6 month old have sleep apnea?
Any baby can have sleep apnea, but it’s much more common in babies who were born prematurely. In babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it’s called apnea of prematurity. In babies born at 37 weeks or later, it’s called apnea of infancy. The more premature a baby is, the more likely he is to suffer from apnea.
Is SIDS caused by sleep apnea?
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been tentatively attributed to a variety of factors, including anomalies in respiratory control. A possible link was reported between SIDS and a family history of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (1). Anecdotal reports have also associated obstructive breathing events with SIDS.
Can reflux cause apnea in infants?
Gastroesophageal reflux and apnea of prematurity are both common occurrences in premature infants. However, a causal relationship between the two remains controversial. Strong physiologic evidence indicates that a variety of protective reflex responses may elicit laryngeal adduction and apnea.
Can a child have sleep apnea and not snore?
Symptoms of sleep apnea don’t only occur at night, though. If your child has a restless night’s sleep because of this disorder, daytime symptoms can include fatigue, falling asleep, and difficulty waking in the morning. Infants and young children who have sleep apnea may not snore, especially those with central apnea.
What are the 3 types of sleep apnea?
A person with sleep apnea stops breathing during sleep. There are three forms of sleep apnea: central, obstructive, and complex. The most common of these is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
What is the main cause of sleep apnea?
Causes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
In adults, the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is excess weight and obesity, which is associated with the soft tissue of the mouth and throat. During sleep, when throat and tongue muscles are more relaxed, this soft tissue can cause the airway to become blocked.
What ages does sleep apnea affect?
Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight. Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.